What causes toothaches?
• Tooth decay – if bacteria in plaque erodes the enamel surface of your tooth, this can expose the sensitive nerve endings within the underlying tooth structure (dentine) and can continue to infiltrate into the centre of the tooth reaching the pulp
• Gum disease – if plaque remains beneath the gum, it can damage the bone that supports your teeth and the roots of your teeth as well. This causes teeth to loosen and ache
• Abscesses – tooth decay and gum disease can cause an abscess to form below or alongside the tooth root, which causes pain and spreads infection
• Trauma – if your tooth gets chipped or cracked, this can also expose the pulp and put you at risk of infection.
• Impaction – if a tooth doesn’t emerge fully from the gums, it can irritate the surrounding nerves, causing pain. This is most common with wisdom teeth and other molars
• Bruxism (teeth grinding) – if you grind your teeth at night or during the day, this causes the teeth to wear down over time exposing the sensitive middle layers of teeth. Grinding can also strain the surrounding supporting structures such as jaw muscles and jaw joint
• Misaligned teeth – if your teeth are crooked or not properly aligned, this can cause uneven pressure in the mouth and may require orthodontic treatment
The most important step is to see your dentist as soon as possible, we will take an x-ray to determine the reasons for your toothache and make a plan for treating the tooth.
If you are in pain or have broken a tooth, filling, denture, implant or crown, then call us immediately on (02) 8668 4411 and we will find an emergency appointment to treat you as soon as we can!